Après l’Atlas géopolitique du Royaume-Uni (BAILONI M. et PAPIN D., 2009, Editions Autrement, Paris), Delphine Papin, Marc Bailoni, spécialiste de géopolitique à Nancy-Metz, Manuel Appert, géographe et urbaniste, Lyon, et Eugénie Dumas, cartographe, ont réussi un tour de force en publiant un nouvel ouvrage dans la collection Atlas aux éditions Autrement consacré à Londres, la « ville globale » (selon l’expression consacrée de Saskia Sassen).
London 1911 : celebrating the imperial Susan Finding, MIMMOC, University of Poitiers
Unlike many rival capital cities (Paris, Berlin, Washington D.C.), London combined functions as the seat of government, major seaport, industrial and commercial centre. London authorities sought to control and improve the living and working conditions within their boundaries. Unlike its rivals however, London was seen to be lacking in monuments and urban layout suitable to its calling. The local authorities in London sought to remedy the planning side but celebration in stone and pageantry were ensured by official displays and semi-official entertainment heavily underpinned with imperial designs.
British Colonies, Dependencies & Trade Routes 1911
C’est au mois de juillet 2005 que le CIO décide d’attribuer les Jeux Olympiques à la ville de Londres, vingt-quatre heures avant qu’une série d’attentats n’ébranle les certitudes multiculturalistes des Londoniens. Malgré le traumatisme subi, Londres sort la tête haute de cet épisode tragique, portée par sa volonté de défendre sa diversité autant que son statut de ville résolument internationale voire « globale ». Ce numéro explore l’évolution de la capitale britannique, non seulement sur les traces de son passé impérial, mais également en fonction de la manière dont elle s’accomode de sa place au cœur de l’échiquier financier mondial. La distribution et la gestion de son espace urbain sont également des enjeux majeurs dans la trajectoire que Londres cherche à se forger afin de rester dans le peloton de tête des capitales mondiales.
London 1911: celebrating the imperial
Londres: une ville plus favorable à l’euro que les autres villes du Royaume-Uni ?
Hervé Marchal & Jean-Marc Stébé
Exister ou disparaître dans le jeu économique de la globalisation : un défi pour Londres et Paris
London Capital of Boom and Bust?
Marges convoitées: lecture paysagère et géographique de l’extension du quartier d’affaires de la City à Londres.
Les nouvelles tours de Londres comme marqueurs des mutations d’une métropole globale
Over to you Boris: the defeat of Ken Livingstone in 2008
Nancy Holman & Andrew Thornley
The reversal of strategic planning in London: the Boris effect with a focus on sustainability.
Londres 2012, un objectif olympien :zéro sans-abri.
London: a capital of protest politics
Mobilisations urbaines et espaces de résistance aux Jeux Olympiques de Londres et de Vancouver
12 euros (prix au numéro, frais de port compris), libellé à l’ordre de l’Agent comptable de l’Université de Toulon, à l’adresse ci-dessous
Directeur de la publication
Revue « L’Observatoire de la société britannique »
UFR Lettres & Sciences Humaines
Université du Sud Toulon-Var
83957 La Garde cédex
The eruption of unprecedented riots in London and their emulation in other English towns in August 2011 led to much chest-beating and heart-searching. This book puts some of the questions asked into perspective.
Keeping the Lid on: Urban Eruptions and Social Control since the 19th Century
Editor: Susan Finding, Logie Barrow and the late François Poirier
Date Of Publication: Jul 2010
The contributors to this book have explored various aspects of urban imagination, so intimately related to a peculiar social environment. They are historians and geographers, linguists and cultural students. Their methodologies are very different, their sources poles apart. And yet, they address the same object of study, social and spatial segregation and urban eruptions, though severally defined: from epidemics to anarchist scares, urban uprisings to mental maps, or the reverberations of urban memories in song, novels and museums. Case studies consider the towns of Liverpool, London, Hull, New York, Salvador de Bahia, or more generally France and America. The networks created among intellectuals and labourers, anarchists and migrants, or the lack of communication between those who feel oppressed (rioters, strikers, anti-vaccination protesters) and those in control, are a further common denominator.
In a way, urban epidemics were the epitome of the repulsive character large cities possessed in the eyes even of their own inhabitants. If they were the receptacle of so many foreigners, and shady political characters, if they were the scenes of social and ethnic conflict, and violence, and promiscuity, and prostitution, and drunkenness, and pauperism, they were of necessity a festering sore which nothing could eradicate.
It is strange that something of this fear should linger on today—otherwise, how can one explain the lacunae in the official memory of museums?—despite the cultural efforts produced in the opposite direction, with Ackroyd’s love for East-End London, with the revival of a Little Italy in every major American city, with the nostalgic folklorisation of past miseries in Salvador de Bahia and in popular song. What sense of belonging can be generated by an obliteration of the past, what dynamic local culture can spring from an absence, from a hole in collective memory? This book goes some way to filling those gaps.
Susan Finding, Professor in British Studies, has taught at Poitiers Univerity since 1987, after gaining her DPhil from the University of Sussex. Her research interests lie in social and political history, notably on questions of education and family policy in the 19th and 20th centuries. She most recently edited Abolition in Britain (1787–1840): Debate and Dissension (Paris: Sedes, 2009).
Logie Barrow taught the social history of all more or less English-speaking countries outside North America at the University of Bremen from 1980 to 2008. He retired so as to spend more time researching history. He is the author of Democratic Ideas And the British Labour Movement, 1880–1914, with Ian Bullock, (2nd edition; Cambridge University Press, 2006) and Independent Spirits: Spiritualism and English Plebeians, 1850–1910 (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986).
François Poirier (†2010) was Lecturer at Université Paris 8, before he was appointed to a professorship at neighbouring Université Paris 13 in 1993. He published extensively on issues related to British politics, English social history, and Franco-British interaction. He sat on numerous academic boards in France and abroad. Among other books, he edited Londres, 1939–1945 (Paris: Autrement, 1995); News from Nowhere: William Morris (Paris: Armand Colin, 2004) with Elizabeth Gaudin; and Cordiale Angleterre—Regards trans-manche à la belle époque (Paris: Ophrys, 2010). The present volume is one of many tributes to him.
For Contents, Introduction and Chapter 1 click on this link.
Real and imaginary topography in News from Nowhere
Susan Trouvé-Finding, Université de Poitiers
Forget six counties overhung with smoke,
Forget the snorting steam and piston stroke,
Forget the spreading of the hideous town ;
Think rather of London, small, and white, and clean,
The clear Thames bordered by its gardens green
Stanza from the Prologue, The Earthly Paradise, William Morris, 1865
News from Nowhere, written after seven years of intense and pre-eminent political activity (some say overly so (EPT, 572)) in the funding and organising of various permutations of
the nascent socialist movement, can be read as an account of his own personal journey of discovery, a parable of his own life rooted in Morris’s personal and political lieux de mémoire. In the novel, Morris maps out the future, laying an imaginary mappa mundi Morrisi over the topography of the Thames Valley upriver from sea to source, tidal reaches to little; stream. Taking the form of a voyage of discovery in the best utopian tradition, the novel recounts a trip into Terra Cognita, the capital city adventuring into the hinterland beyond. Morris turns certain conventions upside-down, topsy-turvy, reversing the methods of contemporary social investigators such as Andrew Mearns and General Booth, whose footsteps he followed. The reader is translated not into the reality of Outcast London (Mearns 1883), or Darkest England (Booth, 1890) unknown to the well-off middle classes, but into a transformed but known world, where major landmarks serve as signposts and symbols. Despite the fictional pretence of foreignness (p.49), ‘a place very unlike England’ (p.49), everything is done to enable the reader to recognise the setting, from the opening pages where Hammersmith is identifiable from the street names (The Broadway, The Creek, King’s Street), the river (Chiswick Eyot, Putney, Barn Elms, Surrey Banks), the peregrination through London, and upstream past towns and landmarks to the upper reaches of the Thames. This transparent transposition is anchored on the real loci of Morris’s own world from Kelmscott House, Hammersmith to Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire.
Paper given at Day Conference organized by François Poirier at the Univeristy of Paris I3 in January 2005 published on line : http://www.univ-paris13.fr/ANGLICISTES/POIRIER/Morris/STrTopography2.pdf and by the William Morris Society in the United States.